Chinese to English Medical & Pharmaceutical Translation

Here are some pages that might help you if you are working in Chinese to English medical & pharmaceutical translation.

ICH Guidelines
Headings/words you may see in journal articles
Understanding counters and classifiers (measure words)
• Here is a list of over 1,300 Chinese journals related to the medical field.

ICH Guidelines

ICH (人用药物注册技术要求国际协调会议) is the The International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use and aims to harmonize the technical terms used in pharmaceutical product registration globally.

Some of the main ICH headings are:

Addendum to E2C: Periodic Safety Update Reports for Marketed Drugs E2C的附录:已上市药品的周期性安全数据更新报告
Addendum: Addition of a Limit Dose and Related Notes 附录:极限剂量和有关注释的的补充
Bracketing and Matrixing Designs for Stability Testing of Drug Substances and Drug Products 原料药和制剂稳定性试验的交叉和矩阵设计
Choice of Control Group and Related Issues in Clinical Trials 临床试验中控制组和有关课题的选择
Clinical Investigation of Medicinal Products in the Pediatric Population 小儿科药物的临床调查
Clinical Safety Data Management: Definitions and Standards for Expedited Reporting 临床安全数据管理:速报制度的定义和标准
Clinical Safety Data Management: Periodic Safety Update Reports for Marketed Drugs 临床安全数据管理:已上市药品的周期性安全数据更新报告
Comparability of Biotechnological/Biological Products Subject to Changes in Their Manufacturing Process 基于不同生产工艺的生物技术产品/生物产品的可比较性
Data Elements and Standards for Drug Dictionaries 药物词典的数据要素和标准临
Derivation and Characterisation of Cell Substrates Used for Production of Biotechnological/Biological Products 用于生产生物技术/生物产品的细胞底物的起源和特征描述
Detection of Toxicity to Reproduction for Medicinal Products 药物对生殖发育的毒性的检验
Dose Selection for Carcinogenicity Studies of Pharmaceuticals 药物致癌性研究之剂量选择
Dose-Response Information to Support Drug Registration 支持药品注册的剂量-效应资料
Duration of Chronic Toxicity Testing in Animals (Rodent and Non-Rodent Toxicity Testing) 动物体内慢性毒性持续时间的检验(啮齿动物和非啮齿动物毒性检验)
E12A: Principles for Clinical Evaluation of New Antihypertensive Drugs 新抗高血压药物的临床评价原则
Electronic Standards for Transmission of Regulatory Information (ESTRI) 药政信息传递之电子标准
Ethnic Factors in the Acceptability of Foreign Clinical Data 引入海外临床数据时要考虑的人种因素
Evaluation of Stability Data 对稳定性数据的评估处理
General Considerations for Clinical Trials 对临床试验的总的考虑
Genotoxicity: A Standard Battery for Genotoxicity Testing for Pharmaceuticals 基因毒性:药物基因毒性检验的标准
Good Clinical Practice: Consolidated Guideline GCP:良好的临床规范:统一的指南
Good Manufacturing Practice Guide for Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients 活性药物成份的GMP指南
Good Manufacturing Practices for Pharmaceutical Ingredients 活性药物成份的GMP
Guidance on Specific Aspects of Regulatory Genotoxicity Tests for Pharmaceuticals 受法规管辖的药物基因毒性检验的特定方面的指南
Guideline on the Need for Carcinogenicity Studies of Pharmaceuticals 药物致癌性研究需要的指南
Immunotoxicology Studies for Human Pharmaceuticals 人用药免疫毒理学研究
Impurities in New Drug Products (Revised Guideline) 新制剂中的杂质(修订版)
Impurities in New Drug Substances (Revised Guideline) 新原料药中的杂质(修订版)
Impurities: Guideline for Residual Solvents 杂质:残留溶剂指南
Impurities: Guideline for Residual Solvents (Maintenance) 杂质:残留溶剂指南(修改内容)
Maintenance of the Clinical Safety Data Management including Questions and Answers 临床安全数据管理的变动,包括问答
Maintenance of the Clinical Safety Data Management including: Data Elements for Transmission of Individual Case Safety Reports 临床安全数据管理的变动包括:个案安全报告送交的数据要素
Maintenance of the ICH Guideline on Non-Clinical Safety Studies for the Conduct of Human Clinical Trials for Pharmaceuticals 药物的对人临床试验的非临床安全研究指南的变动
Maintenance of the ICH Guideline on Toxicity to Male Fertility: An Addendum to the Guideline on Detection of Toxicity to Reproduction for Medicinal Products 对男性生殖能力的毒性的指南的变动:药物对生殖发育的毒性的检验指南增加了一个附录
Medical Terminology 医学术语
Multidisciplinary Guidelines 多学科兼容的指南
Note for Guidance on Toxicokinetics: The Assessment of Systemic Exposure in Toxicity Studies 毒物代谢动力学指南的注释:毒性研究中的全身性暴露量的评估
Pharmaceutical Development 药物研发
Pharmacokinetics: Guidance for Repeated Dose Tissue Distribution Studies 药物代谢动力学:重复剂量的组织分布研究指南
Pharmacopoeial Harmonisation 药典的协调
Pharmacopoeias 药典
Pharmacovigilance Planning 药物警戒计划
Photostability Testing of New Drug Substances and Products 新原料药和制剂的光稳定性试验
Post-Approval Safety Data Management: Definitions and Standards for Expedited Reporting 批准后的安全数据管理:速报制度的定义和标准
Preclinical Safety Evaluation of Biotechnology-Derived Pharmaceuticals 生物技术生产的药物的临床前安全评价
Quality of Biotechnological Products: Analysis of the Expression Construct in Cells Used for Production of r-DNA Derived Protein Products 生物技术产品的质量:源于重组DNA的蛋白质产品的生产中所用的细胞中的表达构建分析
Quality of Biotechnological Products: Stability Testing of Biotechnological/Biological Products 生物技术产品的质量:生物技术/生物产品的稳定性试验
Quality Risk Management 质量风险管理
Regulatory Acceptance of Pharmacopoeial Interchangeability 药典互替在法规上的可接受性
Revision of the E2B(M) ICH Guideline on Clinical Safety Data Management Data Elements for Transmission of Individual Case Safety Reports 个案安全报告送交的临床安全数据管理的数据要素指南(E2B(M))的修订版
Safety 安全
Safety Pharmacology Studies for Human Pharmaceuticals 人用药的安全药理学研究
Single Dose Toxicity Tests 单剂量毒性检验
Specifications for New Drug Substances and Products 新原料药和制剂的质量规格
Specifications: Test Procedures and Acceptance Criteria for Biotechnological/Biological Products 质量规格:生物技术/生物产品的检验程序和可接收标准
Specifications: Test Procedures and Acceptance Criteria for New Drug Substances and New Drug Products: Chemical Substances 质量规格:新原料药和新制剂的检验程序和可接收标准:化学物质
Stability Data Package for Registration Applications in Climatic Zones III and IV 在气候带III和IV,药物注册申请所提供的稳定性数据
Stability Testing for New Dosage Forms 新制剂的稳定性试验
Stability Testing of New Drug Substances and Products (Second Revision) 新原料药和制剂的稳定性试验(第二版)
Statistical Principles for Clinical Trials 临床试验的统计原则
Structure and Content of Clinical Study Reports 临床研究报告的结构和内容
Studies in Support of Special Populations: Geriatrics 对特定族群的支持的研究:老人病学
Testing for Carcinogenicity of Pharmaceuticals 药物致癌性的检验
Text on Validation of Analytical Procedures 分析程序的验证
The Clinical Evaluation of QT/QTc Interval Prolongation and Proarrhythmic Potential for Non-Antiarrhythmic Drugs 非抗心率失常药物的QT/QTc 间期和致心率失常潜在作用的临床评价
The Common Technical Document (See CTD section for complete Status of the guidelines) 通用技术文件(见有关CTD章节)
The Extent of Population Exposure to Assess Clinical Safety for Drugs Intended for Long-Term Treatment of Non-Life-Threatening Conditions 对用于无生命危险情况下长期治疗的药物进行临床安全评估的族群暴露量范围
The Nonclinical Evaluation of the Potential for Delayed Ventricular Repolarization (QT Interval Prolongation) By Human Pharmaceuticals 药物延迟心室复极化(QT间期)潜在作用的非临床评价
Timing of Pre-clinical Studies in Relation to Clinical Trials (See Safety Topics) 有关临床试验的临床前研究的时间安排
Validation of Analytical Procedures: Methodology 分析程序的验证:方法学
Viral Safety Evaluation of Biotechnology Products Derived from Cell Lines of Human or Animal Origin 来源于人或者动物细胞系的生物技术产品的病毒安全性评估
   




Headings/words you may see in journal articles

第X卷 (dì X juǎn) - Vol. X
第Y期 (dì Y qī) - No. Y
中图分类号 (zhōng tú fēnlèi hào) - Chinese library classification number (Wikipedia)
文献标识码 (wénxiàn biāozhì mǎ) - Document identification code
文章编号 (wénzhāng biānhào) - Article ID

摘要 (zhāiyào) - Summary
节选 (jiéxuǎn) - Excerpt
目的 (mùdì) - Objective, Purpose
关键词 (guānjiàn cí) - Key words
引言 (yǐnyán) - Introduction
材料 (cáiliào) - Materials
方法 (fāngfǎ) - Methods
结果 (jiéguǒ) - Results
综述 (zòngshù) - Review
报告 (bàogào) - Report
研究背景 (yánjiū bèijǐng) - Research background
结果与讨论 (jiéguǒ yú tǎolùn) - Results and discussion
结语 (jiéyǔ) - Conclusion
注释 (zhùshì) - Comment
致谢 (zhìxiè) - Acknowledgements
参考文献 (cānkǎo wénxiàn) - References
注 (zhù) - Note
作者简介 (zuòzhě jiǎnjiè) - About the author
收稿日期 (shōu gǎo rìqí) - Received (date)
本文编辑 (běnwén biānjí) - Text editing
表 (biǎo) - Table
图 (tú) - Figure

荣誉教授 (róngyù jiàoshòu) - Emeritus professor
教授 (jiàoshòu) - Professor
副教授 (fùjiàoshòu) Associate professor
客座教授 (kèzuò jiàoshòu) - Visiting professor
讲师 (jiǎngshī) - Lecturer
高级讲师 (gāojí jiǎngshī) - Senior lecturer
助教(zhùjiào) - Assistant
副主任医师 (fù zhǔrèn yīshī) - Deputy chief physician
博士 (bóshì) Ph.D.
助理研究员 (zhùlǐ yánjiùyuán) - Assistant researcher
在读硕士研究生 (zàidú shuòshì yánjiūshēng) - Reading for a master's degree
简历 (jiǎnlì) - Curriculum vitae, Resume

Understanding counters and classifiers (measure words) (under construction)

Chinese uses characters to indicate the nature of something being quantified. The character used as a classifier follows the quantity and sometimes has no intrinsic meaning in itself but must be used with the associated noun. The classifier used is related to the shape, category, action or location of the noun it is associated with.
For example;

Character Pinyin Meaning Examples
bĕn book, magazine, article 一本书 (yī běn shū) one book
一本
chuàn things than occur in clusters  
general classifier, people 一个人 (yī gè rén) a person
一个实施方案 (yīgè shíshī fāng'àn)one embodiment
píng bottle  
shuāng things that occur in pairs  
zhī animals  
tóu domestic animals, large animals  
tái machine